Ineta Lipša. Vakara Ziņas April 2, 2002.
During the First Republic (1918-1940) two Masonic Lodges were active in Latvia – “Jāņuguns” (“John’s Bonfire”) in Riga and “Enkurs” (“”) in Liepāja. The latest was basically made of German merchants and sailors. When German troops occupied Kurzeme, the Western part of Latvia, in the First World War, they established the so called “field lodges” for soldiers and officers – Masons. One of the field lodges later became the backbone of the “Enkurs” Lodge. “Jāņuguns”, by the way, officially was registered with the state registry as a society, not a Freemasons Lodge, because the Latvian legislation of the time nearly forbade establishment of associations of closed type (moreover if it were a branch of an international organization).